Chapter 1
The Linear Economy: Traditional Model

Linear economy traditionally follows the “take-make-use-dispose” step-by-step plan. This means that raw/virgin materials are mined/collected/extracted, and then transformed into usable/consumable products that are then used/consumed until they are no longer needed (not necessarily end of life) and finally discarded as waste.

In a linear economy, resources are extracted as if there are no limits and economic prosperity is the end goal for many businesses. However, this way of operating does not consider our social and environmental values.

Chart 17